Synthesis of Sentences is the opposite of transformation of sentences and means combining a number of simple sentences into one new sentence. That new sentence might be either a simple sentence, a compound sentence, or a complex sentence.
By using a Participle
- He jumped up. He ran away.
- Jumping up, he ran away.
- He was tired of play. He sat down to rest.
- Tired of play, he sat down to rest.
- He is well versed in English. He was appointed as the English teacher in the school.
- Being well-versed in English, he was appointed English teacher of the school.
By using a Noun or a Phrase in apposition
placing side-by-side two coordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.
- This is my friend. His name is Rama.
- This is my friend, Rama
- I spent two days in London. It is one of the most attractive places in England.
- I spent two days in London, one of the most attractive places in England.
- Buddhism was founded 2500 years ago. It is one of the greatest religions.
- Buddhism, one of the greatest religions, was founded 2500 years ago
By using a Preposition with Noun or Gerund
- The moon rose. Their journey was not ended.
- Before their journey ended, the moon rose.
- He was failed many times. He still hopes to win.
- Having failed many times, he still hopes to win.
- Her husband died. She heard the news. She fainted.
- On hearing the news of her husband’s death, she fainted.
By using, Nominative Absolute Construction
- The soldiers arrived. The mob dispersed.
- Seeing the soldiers arrive, the mob dispersed.
- The town was enclosed by a strong wall. The enemy was unable to capture it.
- Being enclosed by strong wall, the town was unable to be captured (by the enemy).
By using an Infinitive
- I have some duties. I must perform them.
- I have some duties to perform.
- We must finish this exercise. There are still three sentences.
- We still have three sentences in this exercise to finish.
- He wanted to educate his son. He sent him to London.
- He sent his son to London to have him educated.
- He is very fat. He can not run.
- He is too fat to run.
By using an Adverb or an Adverbial Phrase
- He deserved to succeed. He failed.
- He failed, undeservedly.
- The sun set. The boys had not finished the game.
- The boys had not finished the game by sunset.
Solved Examples of Synthesis of Sentences
(Questions 1 to 6) Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into a simple sentence
Question 1: He won a jackpot. He built a big mansion.
Answer: Having won the jackpot he built a big mansion.
Question 2: He stood on tip-toe. He reached for the bunch of grapes.
Answer: Standing on tip-toe, he reached for the bunch of grapes.
Question 3: He is going to London. He wants to pursue higher education there.
Answer: He is going to London to pursue higher education.
Question 4: Milton was the Homer of England. He wrote Paradise Lost.
Answer: Milton, the Homer of England, wrote Paradise Lost.
Question 5 Patel was a strong man. He brought all the princely states into the Indian Union. He used the method of persuasion. Sometimes he used the method of coercion.
Answer: Using methods of persuasion and coercion, Patel, a strong man, brought all the princely States into the Indian Union.
Question 6: Gandhi was a great visionary. He realized the danger of communal conflict. He sacrificed his life to bring about unity.
Answer: Having realized the danger of communal conflict, Gandhi, a great visionary, sacrificed his life to bring about unity.