Synthesis of Sentences English Grammar and Speaking

Synthesis of Sentences is the opposite of transformation of sentences and means combining a number of simple sentences into one new sentence. That new sentence might be either a simple sentence, a compound sentence, or a complex sentence.

By using a Participle

  • He jumped up. He ran away.
  • Jumping up, he ran away.
  • He was tired of play. He sat down to rest.
  • Tired of play, he sat down to rest.
  • He is well versed in English. He was appointed as the English teacher in the school.
  • Being well-versed in English, he was appointed English teacher of the school.

By using a Noun or a Phrase in apposition

placing side-by-side two coordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.

  • This is my friend. His name is Rama.
  • This is my friend, Rama
  • I spent two days in London. It is one of the most attractive places in England.
  • I spent two days in London, one of the most attractive places in England.
  • Buddhism was founded 2500 years ago. It is one of the greatest religions.
  • Buddhism, one of the greatest religions, was founded 2500 years ago

By using a Preposition with Noun or Gerund

  • The moon rose. Their journey was not ended.
  • Before their journey ended, the moon rose.
  • He was failed many times. He still hopes to win.
  • Having failed many times, he still hopes to win.
  • Her husband died. She heard the news. She fainted.
  • On hearing the news of her husband’s death, she fainted.


By using, Nominative Absolute Construction

  • The soldiers arrived. The mob dispersed.
  • Seeing the soldiers arrive, the mob dispersed.
  • The town was enclosed by a strong wall. The enemy was unable to capture it.
  • Being enclosed by strong wall, the town was unable to be captured (by the enemy).

By using an Infinitive

  • I have some duties. I must perform them.
  • I have some duties to perform.
  • We must finish this exercise. There are still three sentences.
  • We still have three sentences in this exercise to finish.
  • He wanted to educate his son. He sent him to London.
  • He sent his son to London to have him educated.
  • He is very fat. He can not run.
  • He is too fat to run.

By using an Adverb or an Adverbial Phrase

  • He deserved to succeed. He failed.
  • He failed, undeservedly.
  • The sun set. The boys had not finished the game.
  • The boys had not finished the game by sunset.


Solved Examples of Synthesis of Sentences

(Questions 1 to 6) Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into a simple sentence

Question 1: He won a jackpot. He built a big mansion.

Answer: Having won the jackpot he built a big mansion.

Question 2: He stood on tip-toe. He reached for the bunch of grapes.

Answer: Standing on tip-toe, he reached for the bunch of grapes.

Question 3: He is going to London. He wants to pursue higher education there.

Answer: He is going to London to pursue higher education.

Question 4: Milton was the Homer of England. He wrote Paradise Lost.

Answer: Milton, the Homer of England, wrote Paradise Lost.

Question 5 Patel was a strong man. He brought all the princely states into the Indian Union. He used the method of persuasion. Sometimes he used the method of coercion.

Answer: Using methods of persuasion and coercion, Patel, a strong man, brought all the princely States into the Indian Union.

Question 6: Gandhi was a great visionary. He realized the danger of communal conflict. He sacrificed his life to bring about unity.

Answer: Having realized the danger of communal conflict, Gandhi, a great visionary, sacrificed his life to bring about unity.

Please comment on Synthesis of Sentences English Grammar and Speaking


  1. Sohini Dalal

    Very helpful site,I learnt here without using any app.Thanks.

  2. Vikas yadav

    This site helps me more than my friends for understand synthysis. I liked this site.

  3. Mankhom Mossang

    This section, "synthesis of sentences "is helpful in making us understand how to combine or join sentences into one unit as a whole.

  4. Prasanna.V.T

    Very nice examples for reference for exams.

  5. Vivek Gupta

    Wonderful website

  6. Dipak Daimari

    Absolutely enough useful for the learners.

  7. Patel Rameshbhai R

    Nice example

  8. Rumi khan

    This sight is very helpful in understanding the synthesis of sentences


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