Synthesis of Sentences English Grammar and Speaking

Synthesis of Sentences is the opposite of transformation of sentences and means combining a number of simple sentences into one new sentence. That new sentence might be either a simple sentence, a compound sentence, or a complex sentence.

By using a Participle

  • He jumped up. He ran away.
  • Jumping up, he ran away.
  • He was tired of play. He sat down to rest.
  • Tired of play, he sat down to rest.
  • He is well versed in English. He was appointed as the English teacher in the school.
  • Being well-versed in English, he was appointed English teacher of the school.

By using a Noun or a Phrase in apposition

placing side-by-side two coordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.

  • This is my friend. His name is Rama.
  • This is my friend, Rama
  • I spent two days in London. It is one of the most attractive places in England.
  • I spent two days in London, one of the most attractive places in England.
  • Buddhism was founded 2500 years ago. It is one of the greatest religions.
  • Buddhism, one of the greatest religions, was founded 2500 years ago

By using a Preposition with Noun or Gerund

  • The moon rose. Their journey was not ended.
  • Before their journey ended, the moon rose.
  • He was failed many times. He still hopes to win.
  • Having failed many times, he still hopes to win.
  • Her husband died. She heard the news. She fainted.
  • On hearing the news of her husband’s death, she fainted.


By using, Nominative Absolute Construction

  • The soldiers arrived. The mob dispersed.
  • Seeing the soldiers arrive, the mob dispersed.
  • The town was enclosed by a strong wall. The enemy was unable to capture it.
  • Being enclosed by strong wall, the town was unable to be captured (by the enemy).

By using an Infinitive

  • I have some duties. I must perform them.
  • I have some duties to perform.
  • We must finish this exercise. There are still three sentences.
  • We still have three sentences in this exercise to finish.
  • He wanted to educate his son. He sent him to London.
  • He sent his son to London to have him educated.
  • He is very fat. He can not run.
  • He is too fat to run.

By using an Adverb or an Adverbial Phrase

  • He deserved to succeed. He failed.
  • He failed, undeservedly.
  • The sun set. The boys had not finished the game.
  • The boys had not finished the game by sunset.


Solved Examples of Synthesis of Sentences

(Questions 1 to 6) Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into a simple sentence

Question 1: He won a jackpot. He built a big mansion.

Answer: Having won the jackpot he built a big mansion.

Question 2: He stood on tip-toe. He reached for the bunch of grapes.

Answer: Standing on tip-toe, he reached for the bunch of grapes.

Question 3: He is going to London. He wants to pursue higher education there.

Answer: He is going to London to pursue higher education.

Question 4: Milton was the Homer of England. He wrote Paradise Lost.

Answer: Milton, the Homer of England, wrote Paradise Lost.

Question 5 Patel was a strong man. He brought all the princely states into the Indian Union. He used the method of persuasion. Sometimes he used the method of coercion.

Answer: Using methods of persuasion and coercion, Patel, a strong man, brought all the princely States into the Indian Union.

Question 6: Gandhi was a great visionary. He realized the danger of communal conflict. He sacrificed his life to bring about unity.

Answer: Having realized the danger of communal conflict, Gandhi, a great visionary, sacrificed his life to bring about unity.

Please comment on Synthesis of Sentences English Grammar and Speaking


  1. Rufsana begum

    Good explaination🤝

  2. Joyce

    Which examples are the simple, compound and complex sentences?

  3. Edward Kenny

    Great if but idk

  4. Gautam

    Very good

  5. Isaac T Prakash p

    This exercises and notes have been highly useful

  6. Aditi mondal

    Thank u the awesome examples

  7. Sohini Dalal

    Very helpful site,I learnt here without using any app.Thanks.

  8. Vikas yadav

    This site helps me more than my friends for understand synthysis. I liked this site.

  9. Mankhom Mossang

    This section, "synthesis of sentences "is helpful in making us understand how to combine or join sentences into one unit as a whole.

  10. Prasanna.V.T

    Very nice examples for reference for exams.

  11. Vivek Gupta

    Wonderful website

  12. Dipak Daimari

    Absolutely enough useful for the learners.

  13. Patel Rameshbhai R

    Nice example

  14. Rumi khan

    This sight is very helpful in understanding the synthesis of sentences


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