Future Tense - English Grammar

  • Future simple tense: It is used to express an action which has not occurred yet and will occur after saying or in future. For example, “I will go to zoo tomorrow”, in this sentence the person intend for tomorrow’s visit to zoo. In short, these sentences express actions which will be done in future.

Rules : Auxiliary verb “will” is used in sentence. 1st form of verb or base form is used as main verb in sentence.

  • Structure of sentence.
  • Positive sentence:
  • Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (present participle) + object
  • Subject + will + (1st form of verb or base form +ing) + object

Examples :
I will buy a computer tomorrow.
They will come here.

  • Negative sentence:
  • Subject + auxiliary verb+ not + main verb (present participle) + object
  • Subject + will +not + (1st form of verb or base form +ing) + object

To make negative sentence “not” is written after auxiliary verb in sentence.

Examples :
I will not buy a computer tomorrow.
They will not come here.

  • Interrogative sentence
  • Auxiliary verb + subject + main verb (present participle) + object
  • Will + subject + (1st form of verb or base form +ing) + object

Interrogative sentence starts with auxiliary verb “will”

Examples :
Will I buy a computer tomorrow?
Will they come here?

  • Future Continuous tense : It is used to express a continued or an ongoing action in future. For example, “I will be waiting for you tomorrow”, it conveys ongoing nature of an action (waiting) which will occur in future.

Rules. Auxiliary verb “will be” is used in sentence. 1st form of verb + ing (present participle) is used as main verb in sentence.

  • Positive sentence :
  • Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (present participle) + object
  • Subject + will be+ 1st form of verb or base form+ing (present participle) + object

 

Future Tense Examples

Examples.
I will be waiting for you.
You will be feeling well tomorrow.

  • Negative sentence :
  • Subject + not between auxiliary verbs+ not + main verb (present participle) + object
  • Subject + will not be + 1st form of verb or base form+ing (present participle) + object

To make negative sentence “not” is written between auxiliary verbs “will and be” in sentence.

Examples.
I will not be waiting for you.
You will not be feeling well tomorrow.

  • Interrogative sentence :
  • Auxiliary verb + subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (present participle) + object
  • Will + subject + be+ 1st form of verb or base form+ing (present participle) + object

Interrogative sentence starts with auxiliary verb “will” and auxiliary verb “be” comes after subject in interrogative sentence

Examples.
Will I be waiting for you?
Will you be feeling well tomorrow?

  • Future Perfect tense : It is used to express an action which will occur in future and is thought to be completed in future. It expresses a sense of completion of an action which will occur in future. For example, “John will have gone tomorrow”. It shows a sense of completion of an action (go) which will occur in future (tomorrow).

Rules. Auxiliary verb “will have” is used in sentence. 3rd form of verb or past participle form of verb is used as main verb in sentence.

  • Positive sentence
  • Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (past participle) + object
  • Subject + will have + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object

Examples :
She will have finished the work by Wednesday.
I will have left for home by the time he gets up.
You will have started a job.

  • Negative sentence
  • Subject + Not between auxiliary verbs + main verb (past participle) + object
  • Subject + will not have + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object

Examples :
She will have finished the work by Wednesday.
I will have left for home by the time he gets up.
You will not have started a job.

  • Interrogative sentence :
  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (past participle) + object
  • Will + Subject +have + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object

Examples :
Will she have finished the work by Wednesday?
Will I have left for home by the time he gets up?
Will you have started a job?

  • Future Perfect Continuous tense : It is used to express a continued or ongoing action that will start in future and is thought to be continued till sometime in future. (Remember, an ongoing action in future which will continue till some time in future). There will be a time reference, such as “since 1990,for three hours” from which the action will start in future and will continue. A sense of time reference is found which gives an idea that action will start at some time in future and will continue for some time. Such time reference or sense of time reference is the identity of Future perfect continuous tense because it tells that action will start at a particular time in future. For example, “He will have been studying in this school since 2005”, so the it means that he will start studying in this school in 2007 and will study in this school till sometime in future.

Note: If there is not time reference or sense of time reference then it is not future perfect continuous tense because there is no hint about the time of action when it will start in future and it seems just an ongoing action in future which resembles “future Continuous tense. So the reference of time differentiates between Future perfect continuous tense between future continuous tense.

Rules: An auxiliary verb “will have been” is used in sentence. 1st form of verb (base verb) +ing (present participle) is used as main verb in sentence. “Since” or “for” is used before the “time reference” in sentence. If the time reference is exactly known such as 1997, 4 O’clock then “since” is used before the time in sentence. If the time reference is not exactly known such as three hours, six years, four days, then “for” is used before the time in sentence. Time reference such as 3 hours or 5 days is not exactly known because we don’t know that about which three hours a day is told in sentence or about which 5 days in a month is told in sentence. While the 1997 is exactly know time.

  • Positive Sentence.
  • Subject + Auxiliary verb + main verb (Present participle) + Object + Time reference
  • Subject + will have been + (1st form of verb or base verb + ing) + object + time reference

Examples :
I will have been waiting for him for one hour.
She will have been playing football since 2015.

  • Negative Sentence :
  • Subject +”Not” inside Auxiliary verbs + main verb (present participle) + Object + Time reference
  • Subject + will not have been + (1st form of verb or base verb + ing) + object + Time reference

To make negative sentence, the word “not” is added inside auxiliary verb, so it becomes “will not have been”.

Examples :
I will not have been waiting for him for one hour.
She will not have been playing football since 2015.

  • Interrogative Sentence :
  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (present participle) + object + time reference
  • Will + Subject + have been + (1st form of verb or base verb+ing) + object + time referenc

Interrogative sentence starts with auxiliary verb “will” and auxiliary verb “have been” is used after subject in sentence

Examples.
Will I have been waiting for him for one hour?
Will she have been playing football since 2016?

 

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