Verbs can be Divided into two Categories
Finite verbs: are governed by the person and number of the subject.
- I am driving down the lane.
- Bandana drives to college.
- They drive very fast.
In the above sentences, the verb ‘drive’ is governed by the person and number of the subjects, ‘I’, ‘Bandana’ and ‘They’ respectively
Non - Finite Verb: Non-finite verbs do not change their form even when the person and the number of the subject changes.
- I want to eat something delicious.
- Bandana has to eat apples every day.
- They want to eat eggs for breakfast
In the above sentences, the verb ‘eat’ does not change even though the person and number of the subject change
Gerund: The ‘-ing’ form of the verb which is used as a noun is called a gerund. It is also called the verbal noun.
- Taking exercise is important.
- Running is a good way to keep fit.
Infinite: The infinitive is the base form of the verb. It is often used with ‘to’ or without ‘to’. Infinitives with ‘to’ before them are called ‘to-infinitives’.
- David and I agreed to meet at 4 o’clock.
- I’ll arrange to see the dentist straight away.
Participle: There are two kinds of participles Present and Past.
a) Present participles are formed by adding ‘-ing’ to the base verb.
- I have been reading.
b) Past participles are formed by adding -d, -ed, -en, -t or -n to the base verb.
- I have worked
Finite and Non Finite Verb Videos