Reasoning - Reasoning Verbal, Reasoning Non Verbal, Reasoning Logical and Reasoning Verbal Ability

Reasoning is one of the most important sections of all the competitive or entrance exam. Reasoning questions are very confusing and students face problem in this section as they find it difficult to finish it on time. In this post we will provide you the complete reasoning syllabus.

What is Reasoning?

Reasoning is the process of thinking from facts or premises about something in a logical way in order to form a conclusion or judgment or in other words Reasoning is the capacity for a person to make sense of things to establish & verify facts, To rationaly work through data and information.

If we see lightning and dark clouds, we infer that it is likely to rain. The experience of seeing the dark clouds is an instance of the grounds that lead us to the conclusion about the likelihood of rain. The process of inference connects the grounds to the conclusion.

In some cases, the grounds of inference and the steps leading from the grounds to the conclusion can be expressed (either verbally or using some other symbolic system) such that someone else can scrutinize the process and make an assessment its quality. For instance, given the information that TINU is a spider, we can infer that Tinu has eight legs. If we are asked to express it verbally, we may do so as follows.

TINU is a spider.
Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that TINU has eight legs.

If we are asked how exactly the conclusion of TINU having eight legs follows from TINU being a spider, we might flesh out our reasoning as follows:

TINU is a spider.
All spiders have eight legs.
Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that TINU has eight legs.


Type of Reasoning Questions asked in the exam.

Verbal Ability

Verbal Ability are depend on understanding the precise meaning of words, and the structure of the language they discriminate very heavily towards native speakers of the language in which the test has been developed.


You will usually find questions on all of the following:

Spelling Questions
You have to identify incorrectly spelt words. In The "Spelling Questions" those words are selected which are fairly common and in in everyday use but which are often spelt incorrectly.

Missing Word Questions
"Missing Word Questions" are very important section of Verbal Ability and this section is to measure the candidate vocabulary, specifically your understanding of precise word meanings. You must read the question carefully and choose the best word to complete the sentence satisfactorily.

Synonym and Antonym
A synonym is a word that means exactly the same as, or very nearly the same as, another word.
An antonym is a word that means the opposite of another word.

Comprehension Questions
Comprehension is the reason for reading. These questions consist of a short passage and some related questions. If you can read the words but do not understand or connect to what they are reading, you are not really reading. Good readers are both purposeful and active, and have the skills to absorb what they read, analyze it, make sense of it, and make it their own. The best way to tackle these verbal comprehension questions is to absorb what you read, analyze it, make sense of it and then to attempt each question in turn.


new21 Reasoning Mock Test from Previous Year Exam Questions

new21 Reasoning Questions PDF Download


Logical Reasoning

High quality reasoning is called logical reasoning or critical thinking . Logical reasoning skills can be learned and improved. It is not a case of "Either you're naturally good at it or you’re not." Logical Reasoning questions evaluate the ability to analyze, evaluate, and complete arguments as they occur in ordinary language. The questions are based on short arguments drawn from a wide variety of sources, including newspapers, magazines, advertisements, and informal discourse.

Each Logical Reasoning question requires you to read and comprehend a short passage, then answer one question (or, rarely, two questions) about it. The questions are designed to assess a wide range of skills involved in thinking critically, with an emphasis on skills that are central to legal reasoning.

Verbal Reasoning

Verbal Reasoning questions are designed to identify the ability of the candidate to understand and respond to questions about information provided in a question passage and to determine whether specific conclusions can be drawn from information presented.

A challenge of the verbal reasoning questions is adhering solely to the information provided in the question without using information that you are already familiar with in actual life.

The more you practice and learn relevant techniques to solve Verbal Reasoning questions, the more you improve your performance and confidence. Careful preparation from Verbal Reasoning study material, and take verbal reasoning mock test online, will ensure that you attain a high score on the verbal reasoning test.

Non Verbal Reasoning

Non-verbal reasoning tests are used to assess a person’s ability to spot patterns, understand visual information and solve problems using visual reasoning. For example: identifying relationships, similarities and differences between shapes and patterns, recognizing visual sequences and relationships between objects, and remembering these.

To solve Non Verbal Reasoning questions candidates are not limited by language skills as Non Verbal Reasoning tests don't require reading.

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