Present Tense English Grammar
An aspect of verb which tells the time of an action is called tense. Tenses have certain rules, according to which a sentence is made.
There are mainly three kinds of tenses.
1. Present tense
2. Past tense
3. Future tense
Each of present, past and future tense is further divided into four kinds.
1. Simple (Indefinite)
2. Continuous (progressive)
4. Perfect Continuous (Perfect progressive)
- Present Simple Tense: It is used to express an action in present time, habitual or usual actions or daily event or universal fact. It is used to express an action in present time which is usually done on a regular basis. For example a student says, “I go to school”. It is a daily activity of a student to go to school, so such actions are expressed by present simple tense. Another example is, “I work in a factory”. It tells about a usual action of a person that he works in a factory on regular basis.
Rules : 1st form of verb or base verb is used as main verb in sentence.
- Positive Sentence
- Subject + Main verb + Object
- Subject + 1st form of verb (or base verb) + Object
I write a letter.
He gets up early in the morning.
Sun rises in east.
Note: If the subject in a sentence is “he, she, it, singular or proper noun” then “s” or “es” is added to the first form of verb or base form in the sentence.
- Negative Sentences
- Subject + auxiliary verb +NOT + Main verb +object
- Subject + Do not/Does not + 1st form of verb (or base form) + object
I do not write a letter.
He does not get up early in the morning.
Sun does not rise in east.
Note: In negative sentence auxiliary verb “do or does” along with “not” is used. If the subject in a sentence is “he, she, it, singular or proper noun”, then “Does not” is used after subject in sentence. If subject is “I, we, they, you or plural” then “Do not” is used after subject in sentence. “s” or “es” is not added to main verb in negative sentence.
- Interrogative Sentence :
- Auxiliary verb + Subject + Main verb + Object
- Do/Does + Subject + 1st for of verb (or base verb) + Object