Modals Exercises - English Grammar

Modals Video Lecture - Page 11

They are Auxiliary verbs that provide additional and specific meaning to the main verb of the sentence.


How to we Use Modals

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They do not accept conjugation. They do not need other auxiliary verbs
There is no“s”in singular

There is no“do / does”in the question

There is no“don’t / doesn’t” in the negative

For Example

  • He can ski (correct )
    He cans ski or He can skis (wrong)
  • Would you like to come with me? (correct )
    Do you would like to come with me? (wrong)
  • They can’t be serious (correct )
    They don’t can be serious (wrong)

Modal verbs do not have infinitives or – ing forms
to can / caning , to must /musting
Modal verbs are followed by an infinitive without to

  • She must study (strong obligation)
  • We should have gone the other way (recommendation)
  • He could play football in his youth (ability in the past)

Modal verbs do not have all the tenses
Modal verbs use other verbs to complete the tenses
Can is completed with be able to
Must is completed with have to

For Example

  • They can play the piano → They will be able to play the piano in the future
  • You must come early → You had to come early yesterday

What do they express?
They can have more than one meaning depending on the situations

  • Single Concept Modal: they have one meaning
  • Double Concept Modal: they have two meanings
  • Modals in past : They are used to express a situation in the past

Single concept Modals
Will
Might
Should
Ought to
Had better

Modals in Past
Would have
Could have
Might have
Should have
May have
Must have

Double Concept Modals
May
Must
Would
Shall
Could
Can

Auxiliary, or helping verbs, are used before infinitives to add a different meaning. The following auxiliaries are called Modal Auxiliaries or Modals

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