Phrasal Verb

Phrasal Verb Video Classes - Page 4

A verb and a particle and/or a preposition co-occur forming a single semantic unit. This semantic unit cannot be understood based upon the meanings of the individual parts in isolation, but rather it must be taken as a whole. In other words, the meaning is non-compositional and thus unpredictable. Phrasal verbs that include a preposition are known as prepositional verbs and phrasal verbs that include a particle are also known as particle verbs. Additional alternative terms for phrasal verb are compound verb, verb-adverb combination, verb-particle construction, two-part word/verb, and three-part word/verb (depending on the number of particles), and multi- word verb.

The Words Constituting the Phrasal Verb Constructions in the Following

1. Verb + preposition (prepositional phrasal verbs:

  • Who is looking after the kids? – after is a preposition that introduces the prepositional phrase after the kids
  • She takes after her mother. – after is a preposition that introduces the prepositional phrase after her mother.
  • Sam passes for a linguist. – for is a preposition that introduces the prepositional phrase for a linguist.

2. Verb + particle (particle phrasal verbs:

  • They brought that up twice. – up is a particle, not a preposition.
  • You should think it over. – over is a particle, not a preposition.
  • You should not give in so quickly. – in is a particle, not a preposition.
  • Where do they want to hang out? – out is a particle, not a preposition.

3. Verb + particle + preposition (particle-prepositional phrasal verbs:

  • She is looking forward to a rest. – forward is a particle and to is a preposition.
  • The other tanks were bearing down on my panther. – down is a particle and on is a preposition.
  • They were really teeing off on me. – off is a particle and on is a preposition.
  • We loaded up on Mountain Dew and chips. – up is a particle and on is a preposition.

 

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