# Complex Number and Quadratic Equations - Solutions and Study Material

### For Video Tutorials on Complex Number and Quadratic Equations Visit Page No - 5

Complex Number : Let us denote $\sqrt{-1}$ by the symbol i. Then ,we have $i^{2}$ = -1. This means that I is a solution of the equation $x^{2}+1=0$

A number of the form a + ib, where a and b are real numbers, is defined to be a complex .

Complex Number: 2 + 3i, $(-1)+i\sqrt{3}$ , $4+i\left(\frac{-1}{11}\right)$ are complex numbers.

For the Complex Number z = a + ib, a is called the real part, denoted by Re z and b is called the imaginary part denoted by Im z of the complex number z. For example, if z = 2 + i5, then Re z = 2 and Im z = 5.

Two complex numbers $Z_{1}$ = a + ib and $Z_{2}$ = c + id are equal if a = c and b = d

Example: If 4x + i(3x – y) = 3 + i (– 6), where x and y are real numbers, then find the values of x and y.

Solution: We have , 4x + i (3x – y) = 3 + i (–6) ... (1)

Equating the real and the imaginary parts of (1), we get ,4x = 3, 3x – y = – 6,

which, on solving simultaneously, give x = $\frac{3}{4}$ , y = $\frac{33}{4}$

Algebra of Complex Numbers: In this Section, we shall develop the algebra of complex numbers

Addition of two complex numbers Let $Z_{1}$ = a + ib and $Z_{2}$ = c + id be any two complex numbers .Then , the $Z_{1}$ is define as follows :

$Z_{1} +Z_{2}$ = (a + c) + i(b + d) , which is again a complex number.

For Example (2 + 3i) +(-6 +5i) = (2-6) + I (3 + 5) = (-4 + 8 i)

The addition of complex number satisfy the following properties:

• The closure law The sum of two complex numbers is a complex number, i.e., $Z_{1} +Z_{2}$ is a complex number for all complex numbers Let $Z_{1}$ and Let $Z_{2}$
• The commutative law For any two complex numbers $Z_{1}$ and $Z_{2}$ ,
$Z_{1} +Z_{2} \:=\:Z_{2} +Z_{1}$
• The associative law For any three complex numbers $Z_{1},Z_{2},Z_{3}$ ,
$Z_{1} +(Z_{2}+ Z_{3})\:=\: Z_{1}+( Z_{2}+ Z_{3})$
• The existence of additive identity There exists the complex number 0 + i 0 (denoted as 0), called the additive identity or the zero complex number, such that, for every complex number z, z + 0 = z
• The existence of additive inverse To every complex number z = a + ib, we have the complex number – a + i(– b) (denoted as – z), called the additive inverse or negative of z. We observe that z + (–z) = 0 (the additive identity)

## Latest Jobs

1. Type
Job
KVIC Recruitment of 108 Group-B and Group-C categories - Last Date 19-01-2020
Location
MumbaiMaharashtra, India
Date Posted
7 Jan 2020
2. Type
Job
SAIL Durgapur Steel Plant Recruitment of Manager, Technician, Medical Service Provider - 27-01-2020
Location
DurgapurWest Bengal, India
Date Posted
7 Jan 2020
3. Type
Job
Indian Coast Guard Recruitment 260 Navik - Last Date 02-02-2020
Location
Anywhere
Date Posted
7 Jan 2020
4. Type
Job
IOCL hiring 312 Apprentices - Last Date 22-01-2020
Location
Anywhere
Date Posted
7 Jan 2020
5. Type
Job
RBI Recruitment NEWS for 926 Assistants - Last Date 16-01-2020
Location
Anywhere
Date Posted
7 Jan 2020
6. Type
Job
Janki Devi Memorial College Recruitment 71 Assistant Professor - Last Date 04-01-2020
Location
DelhiDelhi, India
Date Posted
2 Jan 2020
7. Type
Job
NPCIL Recruitment of Trainee, Electrician, Fitter, Machinist, Welder, Driver - Last Date 21-01-2020
Location
RawatbhataRajasthan, India
Date Posted
2 Jan 2020
8. Type
Job
AIIMS Nagpur 104 Principal, Lecturer, Staff Nurse. Last Date 14-01-2020
Location
NagpurMaharashtra, India
Date Posted
2 Jan 2020
9. Type
Job
Delhi Police Recruitment of 649 Head Constable - Last Date 27-01-2020
Location
DelhiDelhi, India
Date Posted
2 Jan 2020
10. Type