Completing Statements Verbal Ability Tips and Tricks
Completing Statements Solved Examples - Page 2
Completing Statements Important Questions - Page 3
Completing Statements Video Lecture - Page 4
Problems on Completing Statements is the part of Verbal Ability. To solve such questions we are giving you some easier as well as quicker way to solve Completing Statements problems.
Directions to solve Sentence Completion and Cloze Paragraph questions: In each of the following sentences, parts of the sentence are left blank. Beneath each sentence, four/five different ways of completing the sentence are indicated. Choose the best alternative from the given options.
How to Solve Completing Statements
There are two aspects to questions on sentence completion and cloze (paragraph): vocabulary and reasoning. Vocabulary issues arise when one or several of the words in the sentence or in the answer choices are unfamiliar words. To an extent, you can try to eliminate the words that you are familiar with, and if all the known words can be safely eliminated; you may choose the unknown word for the answer. However, if several words are not known to you, the question may become a lost opportunity.
The basic test in these questions, the writer feels, is not vocabulary, as there are several other question types in competitive exams that directly test a candidate’s vocabulary. With or without vocabulary items the question tests your reasoning skills, though mildly.
Reasoning means completely comprehending the context provided by the sentence. This is where sentence completion and cloze differ from mere fill in the blanks. In fill-in-the-blank situations, one is not bothered about the context but is merely constructing a grammatically correct sentence which is meaningful – whatever its meaning may be! For example: I ___ you (love/hate), can be correctly completed by fixing any verb that is grammatically correct – love, hate, etc., __ It makes no difference! However, if the sentence is expanded to, I __ you, mom. The word ‘mom’ controls the context completely and eliminates the word ‘hate’. One may argue that both the words can still be used. In objective tests and in reasoning questions, one has to go by the generally accepted common meaning of all the terms. The word ‘mom’ is a loaded word in English – it is not merely a biological relationship, there is a great deal of love, care, and affection associated with that word. Hence, the word love goes into the blank naturally and smoothly. The word hate needs to be fixed subjectively – you in which a person has to think about his or her mom. It is an objective test in which the generally accepted meaning of the word ‘mom’ controls the context.
So, reasoning in these questions involves comprehending the context completely and identifying the elements that control the word in the blank directly and indirectly. Every word in the context is important, but there are certain ideas and words that will have a direct bearing on the word in the blank space. Most conjunctions will have an influence on the answer choice; hence do not miss them while analyzing the context.
Once the context is well understood and the operative ideas well identified, it becomes very easy to see why only one option can score and not the others – even though, more often than not, the choices appear to be very close.
Look at the above example. The law prohibits a person from felling a sandalwood tree, even if it grows on one’s own land, without prior permission from the government. As poor people cannot deal with the government, this legal provision leads to a rip-roaring business for __ who care neither for the ____ , nor fort the trees.
- Middlemen, rich
- The government, poor
- Touts, rich
- Touts, poor
Rip-roaring business for and who eliminate ‘the government’ – no government is in business; it cannot be referred to as ‘who’. Though option 1, 3, 4 fit in the first blank, in the context, the word care eliminates rich (options 1 and 3) – care for the rich is meaningless in the context. Hence option 4. This is very simple question used merely to illustrate the working.